Through the Worlds and Centuries
This poster by Miron Lukianov and Vasily Ostrovsky in 1965 more closely resembles a western movie posters. The rocket trail becomes the path to infinity, walked by a young cosmonaut. Homage is paid to the late nineteenth century philosopher and visionary, Konstantin Tsialkovsky who claimed ‘the road to the stars is open’, in a time when all this was mere science fiction. The way leads to distant galaxies and beyond!
Cosmonauts: Birth of the Space Age can be seen at the Science Museum, London, until 13 March 2016
Glory of the Space Heroes, Glory to the Soviet People
Sergei Korolev was the chief designer of the Cold War era space program – but no-one was allowed to know his name. That information was classified. He was simply known to those close to him as ‘the Boss’.
Sweden’s Nobel Committee wished to award a prize to the chief designer and asked to know his name. Premier Kruschev refused to divulge, instead saying the entire Soviet people deserved the award. This 1963 poster illustrates the broad spectrum of support behind the successful space missions. Scientists, foundry workers ground staff, even farmers man and women. Inclusive pride throughout the motherland.
The full collection of soviet space posters can be viewed at the current exhibition at the Science Museum
Happy New Year Kids, Nikolai Charukin 1964
This poster resembles more a festive greeting card and clearly aimed at future space travellers. It was created in 1963, shortly after Valentin Tereshkova became the first woman in space. The message is clear – the way is open for the every soviet child to dream of traveling into space.
Glory to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
This poster, featuring a line-up of cosmonauts, celebrates the continued Soviet participation in manned space flight. The rockets are shown in clearer detail. However, they resemble a more ‘Dan Dare’ style with engines on the side than the classic R-7 launcher and Vostok spacecraft we are now so familiar with. Politics are always present with each rocket flying the red flag.
The Fairy Tale Became Truth, 1961
This poster celebrates the successful first manned orbit of the Earth. Yuri Gagarin became a global hero almost over night. Cosmonauts were the heroes of the Soviet Union and Gagarin was portrayed as Prometheus – giving fire to man. A stylised rocket dates the year and shows the nation responsible for this feat.
Visit the exhibition currently showing at the Science Museum